World News -
Central African Republic (CAR) interim President Catherine Samba-Panza (pictured) has signed a decree naming Mahamat Kamoun as the country's interim prime minister.
President Samba-Panza signed a decree on Aug. 10 naming Mahamat Kamoun as CAR's first ever Muslim prime minister. U.S.-educated Kamoun, 53, is a former aid to Samba-Panza, as well as to former president Michael Djotodia.
Former prime minister Andre Nzapayeke on Aug. 5 agreed to resign following a July ceasefire agreement between Muslim armed groups and Christian government leaders. Nzapayeke and CAR Pres. Catherine Samba-Panza are both Christian.
"We think the transitional president didn't take account of the views of the Seleka, which still controls the major part of the country… The Seleka will not participate in the next government." Abou Mal Mal Hissene, Seleka spokesman
The crisis in the Central African Republic began in late 2012, when predominantly Muslim Seleka rebels launched attacks that eventually overthrew Christian president Francois Bozize, installing Michel Djotodia (pictured). Djotodia resigned in Jan. 2014 amid a conflict in which both Christians and Muslims have committed violence.
Catherine Samba-Panza on Jan. 20 was elected by the transitional parliament as the interim president of Central African Republic. Samba-Panza, a Christian, was previously the mayor of the country's capital of Bangui.
While both Muslim and Christian fighters have committed war atrocities, the ongoing CAR conflict doesn't appear to involve genocide or ethnic cleansing, according to a UN report. The report goes against comments made in Feb. by the UN refugees chief that "ethnic-religious cleansing" was a danger in CAR.
The UN estimated as of July 15 that around 103,000 people were internally displaced by violence and some 383,000 people had fled to neighboring countries. Nearly all of CAR's 4.4 million people need some form of humanitarian aid, and thousands have died from the conflict since March 2013.
In April, The UN voted to create a CAR peacekeeping force called MINUSCA comprised of up to 10,000 troops and 1,800 police. Many of the troops will be "re-hatted" from African Union forces. The UN also launched a drive -- separate from a Feb. $547 million appeal-- to collect $274 million to aid refugees.
A day after the UN Security Council received an update that its CAR peacekeeping mission would reach operational capacity by Sept. 15., Doctors Without Borders said Aug. 20 that clashes between militia members and peacekeepers left 31 people injured. The clash in Bangui came after peacekeepers were accused of killing a man.
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