Twelve days after Egypt's state of emergency ended, interim president Adly Mansour issued a decree that rights supporters say will restrict free speech and assembly.
The new law means that protests will require prior approval from security forces with at least three days advance notice. Spontaneous protests will be banned and high fines will be set for violators. The bill also gives security forces the power to use water cannons, tear gas and clubs to control protests if required.
A state of emergency was declared Aug. 14, after security forces violently cleared two massive camps of supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi, killing 638 and injuring nearly 4,000. It was the worst day of violence in Egypt since the 2011 revolution. The state of emergency ended on Nov. 12.
There were violent, often deadly, clashes between security forces and Muslim Brotherhood supporters throughout the three-month state of emergency. Hundreds of arrests were made during the period.
Egypt expelled its Turkish ambassador Nov. 23 after Turkey's Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan repeated his support of ousted president Mohammed Morsi. Erdogan called for Morsi to be released from prison. Egypt's foreign minister accusing Erdogan of interfering with Egyptian affairs.
The Muslim Brotherhood lost an appeal on Nov. 6 to the Sept. 23 ban on all its activities in Egypt. The decision included the seizure of the group's "money, assets and buildings." Several prominent members have been arrested or barred from traveling.
Lieutenant Colonel Mohamed Mabruk was killed outside his home on Nov. 17, in the highest-profile killing since the ouster of Morsi. Mabruk was responsible for locating Muslim Brotherhood members. The jihadi group Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis said it killed Mabruk in response to the detention of female members of the Brotherhood.
On the one-year anniversary of the now-former President Morsi's election on June 30, millions of demonstrators rallied across Egypt, calling for the leader to resign and for early elections. The protests were likely larger than any day during the 2011 revolution. The military then gave a 48-hour ultimatum to Mohamed Morsi.
Egyptian military chief Abdul Fattah Sisi announced on July 3 that Mohamed Morsi was no longer the president. The statement, made alongside the Coptic pope, the country's senior Muslim cleric, and opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei, was greeted with cheers and celebrations on the streets.
"You have no right to try me because I am your president." Mohamed Morsi
A 50-member committee reviewing and amending Egypt's constitution is headed by a Mubarak-era minister, Amre Moussa. The draft differs from the previous constitution in electoral laws, political affiliation and religion. The interim government wants it complete by 60 days from when the committee first met Sept. 8.
Interim Egyptian Vice President Mohamed ElBaradei announced his resignation on Aug. 14 following the violent crackdown on protesters. ElBaradei, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, said he quit over the government's handling of the situation. A court case was brought against him for his resignation.
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